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16th June, 2022

System Boilers vs Combi Boilers

In this article we will discuss the topic of different boiler types, specifically system boilers vs combi boilers, explaining how each new heating system type works as well as their pros and cons.

System Boilers vs Combi Boilers
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What Is A System Boiler?

A system boiler links with a hot water storage cylinder to provide a home with central heating and hot water.

It does this by taking cold water directly from the mains (instead of a separate feed tank) and heating it via an internal heat exchanger, this transfers gas energy to water.

The hot water is then moved to the hot water cylinder for storage.

Unlike some regular boilers, such as oil or heat only boilers, that use bulky external components, with a system boiler the majority of components are integrated within the appliance.

The only external part is the aforementioned hot water storage cylinder; This is a much smaller unit than some of the other hot water storage tank systems used by regular boilers, these tend to eat up loft space.

What Is A Combi Boiler?

Combi (combination) boilers also link a home’s central heating system and water heating, however they are a single unit, with all components integrated within the boiler.

The combi signals a sensor upon hot water demand, then takes water directly from the mains and the heat exchanger heats it for distribution to water outlets. This means there's no accompanying cylinder or hot water tank.

Comparing System vs Combi

Pros:

System Boiler Pros

Combi Boiler Pros

  • Even though a system boiler requires a small external cylinder, they are still a far more streamlined set up than most traditional heating systems due to them sourcing their water supply from the mains.

  • Being a single piece boiler unit, combi boilers are incredibly compact and space saving as no external components for storing hot water are required.

  • System Boilers can cope with the demand of several outlets i.e multiple taps needing hot water at the same time.

  • Combis are known to be incredibly efficient with many getting an ErP energy rating of A in the 90’s in terms of percentage score.

  • System boilers are often compatible with solar panels, a clean alternative energy source to save money. Also due to their energy efficient multiple outlet capabilities at one time, system set ups are considered more eco-friendly.

  • Combis source their water supply from the mains and retain a lot of this water pressure. Improved jet strength of water flow means less likelihood of curve trapped or pooling water.

  • Due to an internal pump, and a banked body of hot water, system boilers can produce hot water on demand quicker than heat only boilers for example.

  • Combination boilers tend to need less repairs due to them having less individual or external parts.

Cons:

System Boilers Cons

Combi Boilers Cons

  • As the water needs to heat up in advance, a schedule must be created to do so. This means a change of plans could affect hot water production.

  • A combi may struggle with a higher water demand of multiple bathrooms due to no prior storage capability.

  • If a system's pre heated hot water is quickly used up, you will have to wait for more water to be heated before use.

  • Homes with old plumbing foundations may not be able to cope with the flow pressure of a modern combi.

  • A system boiler requires an external cylinder as a place to store the hot water produced.

  • A combi boiler requires good mains pressure, if the mains pressure is low the resulting flow rate will be low.

  • A system’s cylinder must be insulated, otherwise as hot water enters it will drop in temperature, increasing energy bills.

  • Speed of flow although may be quicker than the majority of boiler types, it will still take a few seconds for the water to heat up.

System Boiler Vs Combi Boiler Price

As with any appliance, new boiler and installation prices can vary due to a number of contributing factors including brand, model, merchant and engineer rates.

In general, the average price for new system boilers (including installation rates) in 2022 is around £2000 with the equivalent combi boiler system prices in the £1975 region.

So not too much to separate the two in terms of initial cost, financial impact shouldn't hold sway over practicality in the case of these differing options.   

Which Should I Buy?

The decision of whether to buy a new system boiler or new combi boiler should be dependent on the particular requirements you or your home need. Both as previously discussed aren't a million miles away in terms of finance with the combi being the slightly cheaper option.

If saving space is your number one priority, again both options are economical in terms of proxemics, with the combi being the most compact as a single unit.

The system boiler however has a marginally quicker speed of flow, and both boiler types are at their most optimum with modern plumbing infrastructure.

The choice may simply come down to a system boiler being more effective for larger homes while the combi is suited to smaller properties; both are fantastic modern heating system options whose pros outway their cons especially in relation to older conventional boilers.

If you’ve liked what you've been reading and want an old boiler replaced, or just fancy an upgrade, get a free quote on a wide selection of boilers with gas safe registered installation here at iHeat.

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