April 07, 2020
If you own an older boiler, you might be familiar with the pilot light. The pilot light is an essential part of the boiler system flame that is responsible for igniting the gas that is provided to the boiler, allowing it to heat up your home and deliver warm water to your taps.
Normally, the pilot light will constantly burn, however, there are rare occasions when your pilot light might go out. In this guide, we’ll be taking a look at some of the reasons why your pilot light might be going out, how to relight it and what to do if the problem persists.
Firstly, you should try to find the instruction manual for your specific boiler and look for the section on relighting your pilot light, however, we understand that boiler manuals often get thrown into the ‘everything drawer’ and are never seen again, which is why we’ve got some instructions below that generally work for most boilers.
To begin with, you’ll need to identify whether your boiler has a manual pilot light or an automatic one.
Manual pilot lights: You can tell if your pilot light is manual by taking a look at the gas control knob. If there are three settings labelled ‘off’, ‘on’ and ‘pilot’, it’s likely that you have a manual pilot light.
Automatic pilot lights: If you have an automatic pilot light there will usually be a safety label fixed to the front of your boiler that tells you it has an automatic ignition system. If you can’t spot a label, find the gas control knob and look at its settings. If there are just two settings- ‘off’ and ‘on’, you will likely have an automatic pilot light. It’s important to note that you shouldn’t attempt to light automatic pilot lights manually.
If your boiler has a manual pilot light, follow the instructions below:
If your boiler has an automatic pilot light, follow the instructions below:
There are a number of things that can cause your boiler pilot light to keep going out. Below is a list of the most common reasons:
1. A Broken or Faulty Thermocouple
The thermocouple aka the ‘flame sensor’ is a copper rod that is directly hit by the pilot flame and is a safety mechanism that turns off the gas if it detects the pilot light has gone out protecting you from a buildup of harmful gas in your home. However, if your thermocouple is broken, dirty or misaligned, it may malfunction, shutting off the gas valve and preventing your pilot light from staying lit.
If you suspect your thermocouple is at fault, we’d recommend calling out a Gas Safe registered engineer to come and take a look. When dealing with gas appliances it’s best to leave it to the professionals to avoid making any mistakes that could lead to further damage or carbon monoxide poisoning, which can be fatal.
2. A Dirty Pilot Orifice
If you’re able to ignite your pilot light for a few seconds, try to take a look at the flame. When working correctly, the flame should be a strong blue cone. If you notice that the flame is weak and yellow, it can mean that the pilot orifice has got a buildup of dirt, preventing the flame from enveloping the thermocouple properly and therefore shutting off the gas.
If you suspect a dirty pilot orifice is at fault we’d recommend calling out a Gas Safe registered engineer to come and take a look. When dealing with gas appliances it’s best to leave it to the professionals to avoid making any mistakes that could lead to further damage or carbon monoxide poisoning, which can be fatal.
This is especially true if the pilot flame is yellow as this can be a strong indicator of a carbon monoxide gas leak and must be seen immediately. Important: If you think you have a gas leak or can smell gas, leave the house and phone the National Gas Emergencies number immediately on 0800 111 999.
3. Poorly Working Gas Regulator
The regulator in your natural gas meter outside your home impacts every gas appliance in your home. If you have a poorly working gas regulator, your boiler may not be receiving enough gas to keep the pilot light lit. If you spot pilot problems in a number of other household appliances, it’s likely that the gas regulator is the culprit. In this case, you should contact your utility company straight away.
4. A Strong Draught
If you can easily relight your pilot light but find it suddenly goes out on particularly windy days, you may have a strong draught that is blowing your pilot light out. If you suspect a draught may be blowing out your pilot light, you’ll need a Gas Safe Engineer to come out and take a look at your boiler as draughts shouldn’t be able to affect your pilot light.
At iHeat, we install high quality, A-rated efficient boilers at an affordable price. Whilst you might think that it isn’t worth getting a new boiler over a few issues such as a broken thermocouple or a boiler that lets strong draughts in, purchasing a new boiler could actually save you money in the long run. Not only can a new boiler save you money on expensive repairs and callout bills, but The Energy Saving Trust estimates that you could save up to £380 a year by replacing your old inefficient boiler with a new A-rated one. Get a quote on a new A-rated boiler today.
iHeat accepts no accountability for any injuries or damages you sustain following the advice in this article. If in doubt, seek professional assistance from a Gas Safe registered engineer.
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